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What is BHK? – An Essential Guide to Decode the Meaning

Have you ever come across advertisements for "spacious 1/2/3 BHK houses" and wondered what BHK means? It's a term often used in the real estate market, but understanding its full form and meaning is crucial...

Have you ever come across advertisements for "spacious 1/2/3 BHK houses" and wondered what BHK means? It's a term often used in the real estate market, but understanding its full form and meaning is crucial when looking for a house. In this comprehensive guide, we will not only explain what BHK stands for but also delve into the various configurations and their suitability for different lifestyles.

BHK Full Form and Its Meaning

What is BHK?

BHK stands for "Bedroom, Hall, and Kitchen." It refers to the typical housing units found in apartment complexes with multiple floors. The number before BHK represents the number of bedrooms, while the hall and kitchen are a standard inclusion.

For example, a 1 BHK apartment consists of one bedroom, one hall (living room), one kitchen, and one bathroom. Similarly, a 2 BHK property will have two bedrooms, one hall, and one kitchen. As the number of bedrooms increases, so does the overall size of the apartment.

1 BHK apartment Floor plan top view. 1 BHK apartment Floor plan top view.

Exploring Different BHK Configurations

Let's take a closer look at the various BHK configurations available:

0.5 BHK unit configuration

A 0.5 BHK flat/apartment indicates a smaller bedroom compared to the regular size. It often includes a kitchen and a bathroom/shower room. This unit is suitable for small families or individuals and has gained popularity due to rising demand.

1 BHK unit

A 1 BHK apartment comprises a standard-sized bedroom, a hallway, and a kitchen. With a configuration of around 400-500 sq. ft., it is an excellent choice for small families or lower-middle-class families looking for an affordable option. The hall can be converted into a bedroom, making the house more spacious.

What is a 1.5 BHK unit arrangement

A 1.5 BHK apartment consists of two rooms, one being the main bedroom and the other a standard-sized guest room. The additional room can be used as a bedroom, a guest room, a study room, or even a store or pooja area, offering flexibility in space utilization.

What is a 2.5 BHK housing unit?

A 2.5 BHK configuration combines two bedrooms, a small living room, and a kitchen. It is usually larger than 950 square feet. The "0.5" signifies a smaller bedroom than the standard size. This arrangement is prevalent in metro cities like Mumbai and Delhi-NCR, allowing people to convert the 0.5 space into a library, study, or kid's area as per their needs. It can even be converted into a 3 BHK unit.

What is a 3 BHK housing unit?

A 3 BHK unit offers three bedrooms, a bathroom, and a kitchen. These units are gaining popularity in Mumbai and Delhi-NCR regions. Three washrooms are standard in 3 BHK houses, with two attached to the bedrooms and the third serving as an outside guest washroom.

Understanding the Difference: 1 BHK vs. Studio Apartment

Often, while browsing for properties online, you may come across the term "studio apartment" and wonder how it differs from a 1 BHK apartment. Let's clear up the confusion:

A 1 BHK residential unit comprises a separate room, a kitchen, a living space, and a bathroom/toilet. It offers more space and is ideal for small families, as the hall can be converted into a bedroom or utilized for other purposes.

On the other hand, a studio apartment is a unit with a single ample space where you can allocate the area for your bed, kitchen, and other necessities. It is smaller than a 1 BHK apartment and is often preferred by bachelors or working professionals. Some studio apartments are designated as 1 RK, where a transparent wall separates the kitchen and room. It is meant for individuals and offers fewer amenities.

Studio apartment with bedroom and living space. Studio apartment with bedroom and living space.

1 BHK or 2 BHK - Which is Better?

Choosing between a 1 BHK and a 2 BHK apartment depends on factors like location, budget, and family size. Consider the following points:

  • A 1 BHK is a good long-term investment and suits small families. However, if you plan on expanding your family, a 2 BHK apartment provides more space and flexibility.
  • While a 1 BHK unit may seem cheaper, the square-foot costs can be higher than a smaller 2 BHK. It's better to choose a smaller 2 BHK apartment with a lower square-foot cost than a larger 1 BHK.
  • Two-bedroom apartments are always in high demand, especially among small families. Investing in a 2 BHK unit can yield higher returns in the long run.

3D Floor Plan of a 2BHK apartment 3D Floor Plan of a 2BHK apartment

Factors to Consider Before Choosing the Right BHK Unit

Before finalizing a BHK configuration, consider the following factors:

  • Apartment size: Evaluate the size of different units and determine what suits your family's needs. Sometimes, you might find a larger 2 BHK unit that can rival the size of a 3 BHK. It's crucial to balance your family's requirements with the available space.
  • Budget: Set a budget and stick to it. Flat prices vary based on location and amenities, so choose a unit that aligns with your financial plan.
  • Basic amenities: Ensure that essential amenities like medical stores and retail shops are easily accessible from the residential unit you choose.

Price Trends of 1 BHK and 2 BHK Apartments in Top Indian Cities

Here are some price trends for 1 BHK and 2 BHK apartments in the top 10 Indian cities:

Price Trends of 1 BHK in Top 10 Indian Cities

City Average Price Range of 1 BHK
Delhi 1.8 Lac - 4 Cr
Noida 7.5 Lac - 85 Lac
Gurgaon 2.7 Lac - 2.98 Cr
Pune 6.5 Lac - 5.50 Cr
Mumbai 5 Lac - 77 Cr
Jaipur 1 Lac - 54.4 Lac
Kolkata 4 Lac - 6.50 Cr
Bangalore 3 Lac - 11 Cr
Chennai 10 Lac - 1.23 Cr
Lucknow 10 Lac - 1.65 Cr

Price Trends of 2 BHK in Top 10 Indian Cities

City Approximate Average Price per sq. ft. of 2 BHK
Delhi 57000/sq. ft
Noida 36000/sq. ft
Gurgaon 43000/sq. ft
Pune 55000/sq. ft
Mumbai 156000/sq. ft
Jaipur 11000/sq. ft
Kolkata 62000/sq. ft
Bangalore 82000/sq. ft
Chennai 41000/sq. ft
Lucknow 10000/sq. ft

Making an Informed Choice

BHK configurations play a crucial role in planning your dream home. By understanding the concept and various options available, you can make an informed decision that aligns with your needs and budget. Remember to consider factors like apartment size, budget, and basic amenities before choosing the right BHK unit for your dream home.

Now that you're equipped with complete knowledge about BHK configurations, you can confidently embark on your journey to find the perfect home!

Also Read: Ghar ka Naksha: A Simple Guide to Design a Perfect House

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